A pilot study on the therapeutic guideline perspective of expressive art therapy and neurofeedback assessment to improve the adherence of anxiety sufferers


  • Kian Yong Koo, M.S. , Azizah Binti Abdullah, Ph.D.


Anxiety screening tools are common and widely available but putting a label (i.e. mild,
moderate, or severe anxiety) creates mental health stigma and makes people who suffer from anxiety
symptoms more reluctant towards various forms of psychological therapies. This pilot study aimed to
assess the feasibility of a full-scale research in producing an indicated primary preventive intervention
that involves evaluating the processes, outcomes, and mechanisms of the Creative Brain Health
Intervention (CBHI) in dealing with the adherence to mental health care. Video-conferencing
qualitative interview was considered for the major study given the lack of studies on its outcomes in
the Malaysian context. Piloting for interviews is an important step in qualitative research. Adopting a
qualitative research design, convenience sampling was employed in this pilot study to recruit
participants. The advantages of conducting a pilot study for the major study include (1) design an easily
understood interview questionnaire, (2) facilitate the procedural process in a user-friendly and
culturally sensitive way, and (3) engage participants in a person-centered approach during the interview
process. The overall procedure, which was expected to ensure the flow and minimize limitations due
to sample diversity, is refined to a full-scale research.